What is a meniscus
The meniscus are made up of tough cartilage that cushion the knee joint.
The medial meniscus rests on the medial plateau of the tibia, and the lateral meniscus rests on the lateral plateau.
The menisci help to distribute the weight evenly through the joint.
Outline of injury and cause
Tearing of the menisci can occur with forceful twisting of the knee especially when bent, or it may accompany other injuries like ligament strains.
The medial meniscus is the most common meniscus injury, due to it being less mobile.
Signs and symptoms
Pain in the joint of the knee, catching or locking in the joint
Some swelling may occur.
Rehabilitation and prevention
These injuries commonly result in Surgery, usually done via Arthroscope.
After repair, strengthen the muscles surrounding the knee to prevent injury from happening again.
Having strong hamstrings and quadriceps help support the knee and prevent the twisting movement that may cause a meniscus tear.
The muscles should be stretched regularly.
Most meniscus tears heal fully with no long-term limitations.
Physiotherapists and sports medicine doctors/physicians regularly deal with this major injury.
Lifecare centres and the physiotherapists, and sports medicine doctors regularly diagnose and treat meniscal injuries, before and after surgery, and are critical in getting athletes back to normal after this injury.
When do you see someone for help?
Your Lifecare practitioner will be able to provide an accurate diagnosis and an appropriate management plan. Often this problem can require a sports medicine doctor, physiotherapist, and/or podiatrist to assist.
For more information, see your local Lifecare practitioner. Click here to find your closest Lifecare clinic.