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Low back pain is an extremely common complaint in our society today with up to 80% of the population suffering some form of lower back pain in their lifetime.
A staggering 80-90% of the population experience low back pain at some point during their lifetime.
In between each of the five lumbar vertebrae (bones) is a disc, a tough fibrous shock-absorbing pad. The disc is a combination of strong connective tissues which hold one vertebra to the next, and acts as a cushion between the vertebrae.
What is it?This is the joint between the sacrum and the two hip bones. When this joint is put under excessive stress it can become inflamed and of the ligaments and muscles surrounding this structure can also become painful.
In adolescents bones are still maturing, including the vertebrae of the spine. Scheuermann’s disease refers to an abnormality in the growth of the vertebrae, where the front of the vertebrae does not grow as quickly as the back leading to wedging of the vertebrae. This usually occurs in the thoracic spine (the upper back) and may have varying degrees of severity.
“Sciatica” has quickly become a broad term that people use to describe any pain at the back of the thigh and is commonly overused. Even though pain at the back of thigh can be due to the Sciatic nerve, the reality is that pain in this area is often due to a number of other causes such as pain directly from your back, muscle strain of the glutes or hamstrings and even trigger points or muscle tension.
Spondylolysis is defined as a defect of the vertebral arch. It can be a naturally occurring problem, where the defect develops due to the normal stresses of weight bearing, or it may develop due to excessive sporting activity. Initially the condition may present as stress fracture of the pars inter articularis.
What is it? Often referred to as pars defect and is an incomplete fracture with in rear portion of the vertebral arch. If it occurs on both sides of the vertebrae and the vertebral body 'slips' forward it is called a spondylolisthesis (These are graded 1 to 4, depending on severity)